Adrian et al. 1985. Human Distribution and Release of a Putative New Gut Hormone. Gastroenterology. 89 (5) pp1070-1077

Batterham RL et al. 2002. Gut Hormone PYY physiologically inhibits food intake. Nature. 418. pp650-654

Beglinger C & Degen L. 2006. Gastrointestinal satiety signals in humans - Physiologic roles for GLP-1 and PYY? Physiology & Behaviour. 89 pp460-464

Brobeck JR. 1946. Physiological Reviews. 25. pp541-559 (not available online)

Bouret SG & Simerly RB. 2004. Mini review: Leptin and development of hypothalamic feeding circuits. Endocrinology. 145 (6) pp2621-2626

Cannon WB. 1927. Hunger & Thirst. In C Murchison (ed) A Handbook of General Experimental Psychology. Worcester: Clark University Press. pp247-263

Cheung CC et al. 1997. Proopiomelanocortin neurons are direct targets for leptin in the hypothalamus. Endocrinology. 138 (10) pp4489-4492

Cinti S. 2006. The role of brown adipose tissue in human obesity. Nutrition, Metabolism & Cardiovascular diseases. 16 pp569-574

Coleman DL. 1973. Effects of parabiosis of obese with diabetes and normal mice. Diabetologia. 9 pp294-298

Cone RD (2005) Anatomy and regulation of the central melanocortin system. Nature Neuroscience. 8 (5) pp571-578

Cook KS et al. 1985. Adipsin: a circulating serine protease homolog secreted by adipose tissue and sciatic nerve. Science. 237(4813) pp402-405

Cota D et al. 2003. The endogenous cannabinoid system affects energy balance via central orexigenic drive and peripheral lipogenesis. Journal of Clinical Invesitgation. 112 pp423-431

Cowley et al. 2001. Leptin activates anorexigenic POMC neurones through a neural network in the arcuate nucleus. Nature 411 (6836) pp480-484

Cummings et al. 2001. A preprandial rise in plasma ghrelin levels suggests a role in meal initiation in humans. Diabetes. 50 pp1714-1719

Degen et al. 2005. Effect of PYY on food intake in humans. Gastroenterology. 129 pp1430-1436

Di Marzo V et al. 2001. Leptin-regulated endocannabinoids are involved in maintaining food intake. Nature. 410 pp822-825

Di Marzo V & Matias I. 2005. Endocannabinoid Control of Food Intake and Energy Balance. Nature Neuroscience. 8 (5) pp585-589

Flier J et al. 1987. Severly Imparied Adipsin Expression in Genetic and Acquired Obesity. Science. 237. pp405-408

Flier J & Maratos-Flier E. 1998. Obesity and the hypothalamus: Novel peptides for new pathways. Cell. 92 pp437-440

Frayling et al 2007. A common variant in the FTO gene is associated with Body Mass Index and predisposes to childhood and adult obesity. Sciencexpress. pg 1-5

Fukuhara et al. 2005. Visfatin: a protein secreted by visceral fat that mimics the effects of insulin. Science. 307. pp426-430

Gomez R et al. 2002. A peripheral mechanism for CB1 cannabinoid receptor-dependent modulation of feeding. Journal of Neuroscience. 22 pp9612-9617

Gura T. 2004. Obesity Research. Labs fail to reproduce protein's appetite-suppressing effects. Science. 305 pp158-159

Hadley ME & Dorr RT. 2006. Melanocortin peptide therapeutics: historical milestones, clinical studies and commercialization. Peptides. 27 (4) pp924-930

Halatchev et al. 2004. Peptide YY3-36 inhibits food intake in mice through a melanocortin-4 receptor-independent mechanism. Endocrinology. 145 pp2585-2590

Heilbronn LK et al. 2004. Relationship between serum resistin concentrations and insulin resistance in nonobese, obese, and obese diabetic subjects. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 89 (4) pp1844-1848

Hug C & Lodish HF. 2005. Medicine. Visfatin: A new adipokine. Science. 307 pp366-367

Ingalls et al. 1950. Obese, a new mutation in the mouse gene. Journal of Heredity. 41 pp317-318

Kojima et al (1999) Ghrelin is a growth-hormone-releasing acylated peptide from stomach. Letters to Nature. 402 pp656-660

Lashley KS. 1938. Experimental Analysis of Instinctive Behaviour. Psychological Review. 45 pp445-471 (not available online)

Lee JH et al. 2003. Circulating resistin levels are not associated with obesity or insulin resistance in humans and are not regulated by fasting or leptin administration: cross-sectional and interventional studies in normal, insulin-resistant, and diabetic subjects. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 88 (10) pp4848-4856

Margetic et al. 2002. Leptin: a review of its peripheral actions and interactions. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders: Journal of the International Association for the study of Obesity. 26 (11) pp1407-1433

Morton et al. (2006) Central Nervous System Control of Food Intake. Nature Reviews. 443. pp289-295

Pagotto et al. 2005. The Endocannabinoid System and the Treatment of Obesity. Annals of Medicine. 37 (4) pp270-275

Pinto et al. (2004) Rapid rewiring of arcuate nucleus feeding circuits by leptin. Science. 304. pp110-115

Rinaldi-Carmona et al. 1994. SR141716A, a potent and selective antagonist of the brain cannabinoid receptor. FEBS Letters. 350. pp240-244

Schwartz MW et al. 1999. Model for the regulation of energy balance and adiposity by the central nervous system. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 69 (4) pp584-596

Schwartz MW et al. 1996. Identification of targets of leptin action in rat hypothalamus. Journal of Clinical Investigation. 98 (5) pp1101-1106

Schwartz MW et al. (2000) Central Nervous System Control of Food Intake. Nature 404 pp661-671

Siiteri PK. 1987. Adipose Tissue as a source of hormones. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 45 pp277-282

Stellar E. 1954. The Physiology of Motivation. Psychological Review. 61 (1) pp5-22

Stellar E. 1989. Long term Perspectives on the Study of Eating Behaviour. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 575. pp478

Steppan CM et al. 2001. The Hormone Resisten Links Obesity to Diabetes. Nature. 409. pp307-312

Tartaglia et al. 1995. Identification and expression cloning of a leptin receptor, OB-R. Cell. 84 (3) pp491-495

Tschop et al. 2000. Ghrelin Induces Adiposity in Rodents. Nature. 407. pp908-913

Tschop et al. & Batterham et al. 2004. Physiology: Does gut hormone PYY decrease food intake in rodents? Nature. 430. pp1-4

Zhang et al (1994) Posititional Cloning of the mouse obese gene and its human homologue. Nature 372 pp425-432

Zorrilla et al (2006) Vaccination against weight gain.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 103 (35) pp13266-13231



  home | obesity | hypothalamus | adipocyte | leptin | ghrelin | arcuate nucleus| endocannabinoids | PYY